Harlem was an area known by the Indians as Muscoota (plain) and used as a breeding ground thanks to its fertile land. In 1658, Governor Peter Stuyvesant Netherlands, through the wealth of the land, a village founded here by the name of Nieuw Haarlem, named after the city Haarlem Netherlands. With the conquest of the island by the British, the high society family settled in Harlem their farms and built their houses. early twentieth century, African-American real estate agent Philip Payton leased lot of devalued properties, rent to members of the black community itself had been evicted from other parts of the city. In 1920, as the white community left the neighborhood, came the famous Harlem Renaissance ("Harlem Renaissance") with the arrival of artists, musicians and black intellectuals from all over the country. African-American high society was installed in an area known as Sugar Hill, west of Harlem. African-American culture and especially their music became popular throughout the city thanks to clubs like the Cotton Club and the Apollo Theatre in acting black musicians for white audiences only. In the 1960s, the neighborhood was radicalized ideologues appear to revolutionaries like Malcolm X sought to reverse racism against whites. Harlem was degenerating into the mythical dangerous neighborhood. A throughout Harlem and South Bronx neighbor, the apartments were torched by the owners to collect the insurance and evict tenants creating a bleak atmosphere. But Harlem has a lot more historical and cultural interest, apart from the gospel tradition. Well, although since it now occupies in Harlem and in 1658 the first communities settled from the Netherlands, and in later times also lived communities of Germans, Italians, Irish and Jews, Harlem is now known worldwide as a center of the black community. It was the early twentieth century when, in an oversupply of uninhabited houses, built to the expectations created by the underground railway construction in Harlem was promoted these houses were occupied by blacks from the Lower Manhattan , South America and the Caribbean. These trips are led by residents in the neighborhood, and know their history. Several options are available, lasting two to three hours and cost between 25 and $ 40 per person. The topics range from "Harlem Renaissance" to the "Apollo Theater", including, of course, "Gospel in Harlem."