Essaouira. The city met conquered by many peoples, starting with the Phoenicians in the VII century AD. He was also colonized by Carthage's Hannon in 450 AD, the Romans came later in search of the famous purple dye and salt. At the end of s. XV Portuguese founded the city and set themselves the name of Mogador derives from the word berber Amogdul (well guarded) is believed, as a military and commercial bridge to the West African coast. They fortified the city by building walls and walls to protect them from invaders and pirates. Despite this, the city was conquered by the Saadianos in 1541, which plunged the city into a decline. Later I recover its splendor when Alaouitas took it and closed the port of Agadir. These buildings, despite its fragile appearance, have stood for many centuries, having gone through hardships of all kinds, epidemics, famine, enemy attacks ... During these periods some families abandoned villages to take refuge in the mountains and reoccupy their homes in more lenient times. The Argan also abundant in the region, especially on the slopes of Jbel Lesk and north of it, forming an inseparable part of the culture of the Ameln, as villagers have traditionally exploited absolutely all of this tree and its fruit .- But the botanical jewel of the region is the Atlas Drago (Dracaena draco, ajgal subspecies), whose existence had passed completely unnoticed until 1995, when it was discovered, with no reference whatsoever to anterioridad.- This is several thousand of specimens found in the cliffs of the valley of Wadi Umarhuz, a tributary of Oued Massa, between Tafrauote and Tiznit.- Whoever expand on the subject, I recommend the extraordinary book by my good friend Jesus Charco "The Mediterranean Forest North Africa ", published by the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation in 1999.