Image from the Prague Castle. First Mala Strana neighborhood, then the Vltava River and behind Mestro Nové neighborhood. Nové M? Sto The conditioning of this neighborhood by Emperor Charles IV is the largest urban development project that takes place in Europe during the fourteenth century. Its complete structure and its main areas are preserved to this day. Architectural works carried around Wenceslas Square during the late nineteenth and early twentieth virtually become an open air museum. The New Town was planned medieval walls around the Old City (vestiges of the present streets Revolution? Ní, Na P? Ikop?, And Národní). The center of this new district is formed by its two huge marketplaces, known today as Wenceslas Square (the horse market), and the Plaza Carlos (by then the cattle market). The latter, being the largest in Europe during the Middle Ages, exposed every year the holy relics and the crown jewels. Some say his plan was inspired by the New Jerusalem, the image of the ideal city. Numerous parish churches were built across the New Town. Until the early nineteenth century, the buildings keep their character with numerous gardens and airy spaces. That is why this area became the natural extension of the metropolis from mid-century. For access from Wenceslas Square, one can discover numerous architectural works of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that show the evolution of different styles in a very small space.